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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-54

Management of extra articular distal femoral fractures with nail plate combination

Department of Orthopedics, SRGH, Jhalawar, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashok Sharma
Room No. 507, New PG Hostel, Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar - 326 001, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jotr.jotr_103_21

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Background: Junctional distal femur fractures are considered difficult to unite and often can led to a degree of disability. The incidence of malunion, nonunion, and infection is relatively high in many reported series. In elderly patients, low-energy distal femur fractures can cause devastating injuries, carrying high rates of morbidity and mortality. Operative fixation can be more challenging in comminuted fractures of osteoporotic bones. The management of junctional fractures of the distal femur by using the nail plate combination (NPC) technique can provide stable, well-balanced fixation, allowing for immediate weight-bearing and early mobilization and improve quality of life. Materials and Methods: A prospective randomized study including 16 patients with distal femur extraarticular and junctional fractures, was conducted in the department of orthopedic surgery Jhalawar medical college and SRG hospital Jhalawar, from May 2019 to June 2021. There were 9 male and 7 female patients, age range from 43 years to 70 years, with a mean age being 53 years. The average length of follow-up was 18.5 months (12 months to 24 months). Results: Patients followed up at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, annually thereafter. Regular fracture healing was observed in 15 cases. Delayed union seen in 1 case who had infection postoperatively, which was treated with debridement and antibiotics as culture and sensitivity. mild rotational misalignment (~5°) seen in one case and there was no axial misalignment (Varus/valgus angulations) was found in any case. There were no implant failures. Conclusion: In our study, functional results trended toward better outcomes in nails plates combinations in terms of knee flexion, early weight-bearing, less union time, and better alignment. NPC system could take the challenges such as poor bone stock, severe comminution both metaphyseal and diaphyseal region.

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