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 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 69-70

extending assistance to the internally displaced victims of humanitarian emergencies in Iraq: World health organization


1 Department of Community Medicine, Medical Education Unit Coordinator and Member of the Institute Research Council, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication16-Jun-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Thiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District - 603108, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jotr.jotr_26_19

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How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. extending assistance to the internally displaced victims of humanitarian emergencies in Iraq: World health organization. J Orthop Traumatol Rehabil 2021;13:69-70

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. extending assistance to the internally displaced victims of humanitarian emergencies in Iraq: World health organization. J Orthop Traumatol Rehabil [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 9];13:69-70. Available from: https://www.jotr.in/text.asp?2021/13/1/69/318403



Sir,

The ongoing humanitarian crisis in Iraq continues to remain one of the biggest emergencies that has accounted for infrastructure damage, disruptions in the livelihoods of the residents, displacement of the masses, injuries and even deaths.[1] This crisis is primarily because of the long-term war in the nation and the subsequent insurgency by the conflicting parties have made the lives of people quite vulnerable.[1] Further, the citizens have been exposed to mass executions, torture, rape, use of children as suicide bombers and rising incidence of suicides among vulnerable population groups.[1],[2]

Though the national government has taken some active interventions, including welfare measures to support the residents in the form of extending financial support, education support, shelter, food services, etc., but the Government is itself under immense pressure.[1] As a matter of fact, the citizens of the nation are in desperate need of prompt help and assistance to come out of the ongoing humanitarian crisis and live a healthy life. The problem is further complicated due to the disruptions in the basic and essential health services (viz. immunization, family welfare, etc.), weak infrastructure, shortage of health care personnel and limited logistic support.[1],[2]

Amid the ongoing coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic, it becomes even a major threat to safeguard the lives of people who are internally displaced and thereby living in temporary settings.[3] These settings are overcrowded, lack basic sanitation services, have limited access to safe drinking services, and eventually act as a highly vulnerable ground for the acquisition and rapid progression of the disease.[3] On a similar note, even the risk of acquisition of the infectious disease that spread by faeco-oral route is heightened and it becomes quite difficult for the health authorities to contain the spread of the infection.[4]

It is high time that all the concerned stakeholders, including the public health authorities, health care personnel, outreach workers, international welfare agencies, policy makers work together to improve the ongoing situation.[1] From the health sector perspective, the need of the hour is to strengthen the delivery of basic services, emergency services, trauma care and emergency vaccination services.[2] The World Health Organization has joined hands with the local authorities to strengthen, revitalize and sustain the health care delivery system, so that the basic services (like maternal and child health, adolescent health, school health services, nutritional support, measures to target infectious and lifestyle diseases, mental health services, etc.) are up to the mark.[1]

At the same time, we cannot succeed in our efforts and accomplish the desired goals unless the members of the community support the efforts taken by the local government. In addition, we will be needing extensive financial support to fund the ongoing care and rehabilitation services, so that we don't lose the gains accomplished so far. Further, there is always a scope to promote research to come out with cost-effective solutions to efficiently contain the problem.

To conclude, the ongoing humanitarian crisis has jeopardized the health care delivery system big time in the nation. It is the responsibility of the national health authorities to adopt a multi-sectoral approach to bring the situation under control and eventually improve the quality of life of the general population.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Iraq crisis - Overview; 2021. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/situations/iraq-crisis [Last accessed on 2021 Apr 11].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
The Lancet. Iraq's neglected health and humanitarian crisis. Lancet 2015;385:2324.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Kizilhan JI, Noll-Hussong M. Psychological impact of COVID-19 in a refugee camp in Iraq. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2020;74:659-60.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Lam E, Al-Tamimi W, Russell SP, Butt MO, Blanton C, Musani AS, et al. Oral cholera vaccine coverage during an outbreak and humanitarian crisis, Iraq, 2015. Emerg Infect Dis 2017;23:38-45.  Back to cited text no. 4
    




 

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